State, Republic and Commons



Copyright © 18/10/40 Danilo D'Antonio - Alcuni diritti concessi - original




Kind Mr. Noam Chomsky,

I present you my best regards.

Please, let me briefly expose an urgent question. The political concept of "State" means the centralization of the power in the hands of an immovable and immutable Elite. The monarchy, for example, has the power for as regards a State. However, for a process of democratization, many old States in the world by long time have become modern Republics. Now: State means the power of a fixed, static Elite. On the contrary, Republic means a dynamic, periodically changed government. State and Republic are indeed political forms at the antipodes. Therefore the word "State" should not be longer used to indicate our Republics.

By calling our Countries with the right definition of "Republic" we open in fact the door to a wide awareness and to great sociopolitical consequences. Please, let me expand the vision for a moment.

In the ancient times, when there was not so great public organizations, the concept of Republic could also merely indicate a form of government, whose roles were democratically periodically redistributed. With the rise of the impressive modern public administrations, the concept of Republic must however comprehend also the form of a periodic redistribution of the roles of the public employments. The jobs of a public organization are in fact a collective property, owned by the whole people of a democratic Country. The public jobs are a true "res publica", to use an expression of the ancient Rome. Therefore the whole population, naturally those who have the necessary requirements and wish to do it, has the full right to participate to the public conduct of its Country.

I pray you to consider that these ideas do not move only by an exigency of correctness, equity and justice. These ideas must be urgently developed because they can lead us to the complete project of that dynamic, and therefore able and powerful, society that we absolutely need in order to overcome the always changing and challenging times of our reality.


Kind Mr. Chomsky, today are still awarded those researchers who move the attention far from the concept of Republic, sliding till the limited concept of Commons. Indeed the Commons are a partial expression of the entire "res publica" of a Country. And before to consider the Commons, the Republic should be abundantly enlightened. This narrow and decentralized focus happens simply because on our Earth the barons of the culture still today, even after centuries from when their States became Republics, do not succeed to questioning their undue immutable and immovable, statal privileges.

Kind Mr. Chomsky, I am humbly here to present the necessity to make move the world forward.

Please, could you give an hand?


Danilo D'Antonio





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